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Title Short Description Video available
Abbreviations Lead to Confusion Abbreviations can be easily misunderstood or misinterpreted No
Actionable elements behave in an unpredictable manner Element label, visual representation, and functional purpose are not in agreement. No
Animation/moving graphics present accessibility challenges Moving graphics interfere with a user's interaction with a page No
Application Incompatible with Screen Reader/Browser Combination Software/applications behave differently on various browsers, which can lead to application being accessible on one browser and not another No
Application sends user to inaccessible or less usable document User is asked by application to work within an inaccessible or extraodinarily difficult format or document. No
Audio/visual content disrupts user experience. Content movement and sound interfere with user's ability to perceive, understand, and accomplish the primary purpose of the application. No
CAPTCHA Lacks Accessible Way to Complete Captcha challenge may be fully dependent on sight, or aspects of completing the challenge are not accessible by using only the keyboard No
Change in Content without Audible Cue Content changes without any trigger to the screen reader or magnifier to alert the user Yes
Color Alone Conveys Meaning There is no alternative means of communicating information for users who cannot determine colorThere is no alternative means of communicating information for users who cannot determine color No
Color Contrast Is Inadequate Lack of color contrast makes it difficult or impossible for a user with low vision or color blindness to distinguish all content No
Content does not respond to magnification Content does not enlarge when magnification is used No
Content Is Not Keyboard Accessible Information (text) or actionable functions are not accessible using only the keyboard. No
Content or element without important information appears to a screen reader Items (i.e., content, images, etc.) that exist for purely visual reasons and that offer no important information are presented to screen readers with no apparent purpose. No
Control name text is unclear, missing or inconsistent Elements without labels or with labels that are vague, inaccurate, inconsistently identified, not uniquely descriptive or with extraneous characters do not provide screen reader users with enough information to identify the purpose of the element. Yes
Default entry remains in edit field The default text in an edit field remains when user types in new information No
Discrepency between Cursor Location and Screen Reader Output in Combo/List Box The selection a screen reader reads is different from the actual selection. No
Element Does Not Indicate Its Current Active/Inactive State Active and inactive states are not indicated to users. Yes
Error feedback is not timely A user is not immediately made aware of an error Yes
Error Message does not Provide Specific or understandable Information User is not provided with enough information to determine the existence, nature or location of the error. Yes
Errors in forms do not get focus When there is an error, focus does not move to the location of the error. Yes
Expanded/Collapsed State Not Indicated User is not made aware of the availability of additional content ("collapsed") or that supplemental content is currently being displayed ("expanded"). No
Extraneous Content Interferes with Navigation Content not related to main purpose of page interferes with navigation and de-emphasizes the more critical content or function of the page No
Fixed, sticky, or layered content fills or blocks visible screen Various content components (sticky menus, pop-up boxes, etc) prevent magnifier users from accessing surrounding content or controls No
Fixed, sticky, or layered content fills or blocks visible screen Various content components (sticky menus, pop-up boxes, etc) prevent magnifier users from accessing surrounding content or controls No
Flow sequence improperly defined Flow sequence defined so that content is provided to screen readers out of order. No
Focus changes upon form entry Form entry (e.g., text entry, check boxes, etc.) causes an unexpected focus change - sometimes due to page reload No
Form Elements Lack Meaningful Label The input / text area element lacks a label or is improperly labeled No
Form Entry Instructions are Absent, Confusing, or Out of Place Form Entry Instructions are Absent, Confusing, or Out of Place No
Graphics/Images containing critical information have inadequate labels or descriptions. " Graphics/images conveying essential information have missing or unclear labels/descriptions." No
Headings not Properly Nested Headings skip levels No
Headings not Used to Provide Structure Headings are missing, or are used solely for visual effect. Yes
Impossible or Difficult to Determine Current Location in Navigation without Vision Information about where user is within navigation is only or mostly portrayed visually No
Impossible or Difficult to Determine Functional or Informational Relationships Without Vision Screen reader users find it impossible or difficult to develop a mental map of the application or page due to inadequate structural or informational clues. No
Improper implementation of carousel Rotating content is confusing nor can it be controlled by user. No
Inadequate information structure Poorly structured information affects ability to comprehend importance of and relationships between information components. No
Inadequate time to recognize or respond to temporary content Important content disappears without giving the user enough time to read or respond No
Initial Focus Does not Help with Navigation Initial focus when a page loads is on a location other than the most meaningful or useful location on the page Yes
Interacting with an Element Automatically Selects an Option Value is automatically selected without purposeful user action. No
Interaction Required in Combo/List Box to Announce Value When screen reader user arrives in a combo/list box, user must actively engage with the box in order to read initial value. No
Link is Unclearly Labeled or Unlabeled Link label is missing, vague, or misleading. Yes
Lists Improperly Defined Incorrect semantec markup leads to incorrect identification of lists by screen reader No
Menus are unidentifiable by assistive technologies AT users are unable to determine the function or purpose of the element that should be a menu No
Mouse Over Needed to Activate and View Content screen reader / keyboard-only users not able to access information provided through mouse over. Yes
Multiple select Menu/List Box does not allow multiple selections Users are unable to make multiple selections in a multiple select Menu/List Box No
Nested Content Scrolls Nested windows and frames that scroll can cause navigation challenges and visual disorientation No
No alternative way to access important visual content. Visual information should appear in alternative forms No
Page refresh needed to make content available to screen reader Screen reader does not recognize a change in content until the page has been refreshed No
Page Refreshes While User Navigates Combo/list Box Navigating the selections in a combo box with a keyboard leads to unintended page changes No
Page Title Does Not Provide Information about Page Content The page lacks a meaningful title element No
Reading and navigation order is out of sequence Flow sequence is defined so that content is provided out of order No
Reference to a link is missing the hyperlink Text describing a link is missing the actual hyperlink therefore user must search for link No
Repetitive or Unnecessary Navigation Required Before Main Content User is forced to navigate through repetitive content prior to arriving at main content. No
Same Link or control Text Goes to Multiple Destinations The same name is used to identify multiple links or controls that in actuality reference disparate destinations No
Screen reader accesses content that should not be made available to the end user Screen reader user can navigate to content that should be hidden or removed. No
Screen reader focus not properly managed by dialogue box Screen reader focus does not move to dialogue box or is not kept within dialogue box as needed. No
Tables Used for Visual Layout of Non-Tabular Information Tables are used for reasons other than data organization, for example solely for visual presentation Yes
Tabs elements not properly defined Tabs are not defined as tabs and/or do not behave as tabs No
Text Presented as Image Screen reader cannot read image-based text No
Tool lacks adequate instructions or cues for someone to know how or why to use it Tool lacks adequate instructions or cues for someone to know how or why to use it No
Using mouse over with magnification causes loss of function Magnifier users have to move focus in order to get mouse over content which results in loss of focus on essential content. No